Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia
 
Area: total: 301,340 sq km; water: 7,200 sq km; note:includes Sardinia and Sicily
 
Land boundaries: total: 1,899.2 km; border countries: Austria 430 km, France 488 km, Holy See (Vatican City) 3.2 km, San Marino 39 km, Slovenia 199 km, Switzerland 740 km
 
Coastline: 7,600 km
 
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm; continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
 
Climate: predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south
 
Terrain: mostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands
 
Natural resources: coal, mercury, zinc, potash, marble, barite, asbestos, pumice, fluorspar, feldspar, pyrite (sulfur), natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, arable land
 
Land use: arable land: 26.41%; permanent crops: 9.09%; other: 64.5% (2005)