Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece in the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north
 
Area: total: 28,748 sq km, water: 1,350 sq km
 
Land boundaries: total: 717 km, border countries: Greece 282 km, Macedonia 151 km, Montenegro 172 km, Kosovo 112 km
Coastline: 362 km
 
Climate: mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
 
Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast
 
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower
 
Land use:
arable land: 20.1%
permanent crops: 4.21%
other: 75.69% (2005)